The Nature of Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
Theory of Language March, 14.
APPROACH → METHOD → TECHNIQUE
Theory of language
There are three theories on language:
1) Structural view: Understanding (meaning) in target language is the main objective of language learning. Focus: phonological unit, grammatical unit, grammatical operation and lexical item (function words and structure words)
Method: Audio lingual method, TPR, the Silent Way.
2) Functional view: Language is a vehicle for the expression of functional meaning. Language takes as its role to communicate (transfer and receive information). Focus: semantic and communicative dimension rather than merely the grammatical characteristics of language, and leads to a specification and organization of language teaching content by categories of meaning and function rather than elements of structure and grammar.
Method: Communicative Language Learning.
Structural: System of rules.
Functional: Categories of function and meaning.
Interactional: Vehicle of Social
Interaction and Transactions.
Theory of Learning: Is a process oriented in: Habit, Induction, Inference, Hypothesis, and Generalization.
Condition – Oriented: Is the Nature of the human, physical context.